Myanmar date 15 sex
The HIV epidemic largely effects IDUs, men who had sex with men, and female sex workers .
HIV prevalence among IDUs was 23.1%, while adult prevalence was 0.54% in 2014 .
The findings of this study may help in fine-tuning suitable national strategies in Myanmar and in Southeast Asia in general to find possible solutions for the health problems as consequences of sex trading.
The cross-sectional study was conducted from January to February 2010 in Lashio city, Northern Shan State.
Of 210 NIDUs, 84 (40%) reported involvement in the sex trade during the last 3 months.
In the adjusted model, factors associated with sex trade involvement included homosexual preference (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 4.90; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.61–14.95), having more than two partners (AOR = 3.88; 95% CI 1.55–9.72), had a regular job (AOR = 5.10; 95% CI 1.65–15.72), use of stimulant drugs rather than opiate (AOR = 2.38; 95% CI 1.10–5.15), and who used drugs more than twice per day.
Many studies reported that sex trading was associated with non or inconsistent use of condoms [7–10] homelessness, unemployment, less education, drug use, and heterosexual (bisexual) behavior .The data was collected using a standardized, precoded questionnaire adapted from several different studies that had been implemented in Myanmar.Sexual behaviors questions were adapted from the Behavioral Surveillance Survey (BSS) Questionnaire of the Ministry of Health, Myanmar and the sociodemographic characteristics, drug use behavior, and health services utilization questions were adapted from the Rapid Assessment and Response on Drug Use and from the HIV Survey of the Asian Harm Reduction Network, Myanmar [19, 20].Sex trading, for money or drugs, has emerged as a significant public health concern due to a wide range of negative health impacts .
Among these, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV, are one of the recognized risk factors among drug users .
In total, 210 male NIDUs were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method.